Polymer chemical professionals create, study, and manipulate the characteristics of polymers to create materials with specific chemical. Polymers. Polymers are long chain, giant organic molecules are assembled from many smaller molecules called monomers. Polymers consist of many repeating monomer units in long chains, sometimes with branching or cross-linking between the chains. Polymer chemistry is a sub-discipline of chemistry that focuses on the chemical synthesis, structure, chemical and physical properties of polymers and macromolecules.‎Polymers and their · ‎Classification · ‎History.


Author: Shad Cole
Country: Czechia
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 10 November 2016
Pages: 230
PDF File Size: 40.31 Mb
ePub File Size: 30.31 Mb
ISBN: 129-2-71717-453-4
Downloads: 625
Price: Free
Uploader: Shad Cole


His work expanded polymers chemistry chemical understanding of polymers and was followed by an expansion of the field of polymer chemistry during which such polymeric materials as neoprene, nylon and polyester were invented.

Before Staudinger, polymers were thought to be polymers chemistry of small molecules colloidswithout definite molecular weightsheld together by an unknown force.

Polymer chemistry

For such a versatile material, it has a very simple structure, the simplest of all commercial polymers. A molecule of polyethylene is nothing more than a long chain of carbon atoms, with two hydrogen atoms polymers chemistry to each carbon atom.

There are polymers that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms. Polyethylene, polypropylene, polybutylene, polystyrene and polymethylpentene are examples of these.

Polyvinyl chloride PVC has chlorine attached to the all-carbon backbone. Teflon has fluorine attached to the all-carbon backbone. Other common polymers chemistry polymers have backbones that include elements other than carbon.

Nylons contain nitrogen atoms in the repeat unit backbone.

Polymer chemistry - Wikipedia

Polyesters and polycarbonates contain oxygen in the backbone. Polymers chemistry are also some polymers that, instead of having a carbon backbone, have a silicon or phosphorous backbone. These are considered inorganic polymers. Molecular Arrangement of Polymers Think of how polymers chemistry noodles look on a plate.

These are similar to how linear polymers can be arranged if they lack specific order, or are amorphous.


Controlling the polymerization polymers chemistry and quenching molten polymers can result in amorphous organization. An amorphous arrangement of molecules polymers chemistry no long-range order or form in which the polymer chains arrange themselves.

Amorphous polymers are generally transparent. This is an important characteristic for many applications such as food wrap, plastic windows, headlight lenses and contact lenses.

Obviously not polymers chemistry polymers are transparent. The polymer chains in objects that are translucent and opaque may be in a crystalline arrangement.


By definition, a crystalline arrangement has atoms, ions, or in this case, molecules arranged in distinct patterns. Many simple hydrocarbons polymers chemistry, such as ethylene and propylenecan be transformed into polymers by adding one monomer after another to the growing chain.

Polymer | Description, Examples, & Types |

Polyethylenecomposed of repeating ethylene monomers, is an addition polymer. Polymers chemistry may have as many as 10, monomers joined in long coiled chains.


Polyethylene is crystalline, translucent, and thermoplastic—i.

Related Post